Winemaking began in earnest at Mouton in the early 17th Century, although records of residence on the site date from 1300. Viticulture bloomed under Joseph De Brane from the 1720s at Mouton (then named Brane-Mouton) and achieved price parity with the famous châteaux of Lafite and Latour. Had it not been for a slump in the 1840s Mouton would have become a First Growth in the price based 1855 Médoc and Graves classification.
After falling into a state of disrepair, Mouton was eventually sold to Nathan de Rothschild, a member of the British branch of the famous banking family. It was under the vision of Baron Phillipe De Rothschild, who assumed ownership in 1922, that Château Mouton Rothschild flourished and even managed to achieve First Growth status in 1973, the only Château to ever gain a promotion in the 1855 classification at Fifth Growth level. By 1924 he had also introduced château bottling for his entire crop which revolutionised wine making practises in Bordeaux.
Mouton Rothschild is described as having exotic and powerful aromas with pronounced minerality and red fruit tones. This wine, produced in Pauillac, is often described as extravagant and in the finest of the Bordeaux vintages, it makes truly great wine.
In 1945 the Mouton name was enhanced by Baron Phillipe’s decision to commission an artist to create a unique label for each vintage. Previous artists have included Picasso in 1973, Bacon in 1990 and in 2008, Chinese artist Xu Lei. This international feel coupled with superb quality wine and backed by the powerful Rothschild name has created great demand and success for this picturesque Château boarding the Gironde Estuary.
The second wine of Mouton Rothschild is Le Petit Mouton Rothschild.